Diabetes Mellitus is a disease caused by the high-level of glucose in the blood since the body cannot or having trouble in producing insulin. Insulin is name of hormone which is produced by pancreas. Insulin is responsible in keeping glucose level in the body.
Diabetes mellitus is closely related to the mechanism glucose normal level in the blood. In normal conditions, human will have their sugar level be controlled, ranging from 70-110 mg / dL. The body is able in controlling the glucose level because of the influence of insulin produced by pancreas gland.
After having meals, the absorption of foods (especially those contains of sugar) will increase. As the result of that absorption, there will be tha raise of sugar level in the blood. The increase of sugar level will lead the pancreas gland to produce insulin. That insuline will make human body cells able in absorbing sugar. Later that sugar will be produced into energy. People who suffered from diabetes mellitus might have less even no insulin in their body.
As your information, diabetes mellitus is divided into two caterogies based on the characters:
- Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM)
People that suffered from Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) will get their pancreas produce no insulin. That phenomenon might cause by the attack of immune system to the pancreas cells. Scientists suspect that external factors play important role in causing Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM). It can be virus infection in the childhood or adulthood. It also can be the nutritional factors.
- Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM)
People that suffered from Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) are those having their insulin receptors in the cells do not work. As the result, their cells will lose glucose while at the same time there is an accumulation of glucose in the blood though their insulin works. This condition might damage blood vessel and cause some complications of disease. Although not yet be confirmed as the primary caused of Non-Insuline Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM), people suspect that some listed conditions below are the cause of this type of diabetes mellitus. Here they are:
-High-fat and low-carbohidrate diet.
-Lack of exercises.
One important thing is, diabetes mellitus will not be dangerous if you can diagnose it earlier. There are several symptoms of diabetes mellitus that you should handle. Ignoring them will make the disease being dangerous. So, for those who find some symptoms of diabetes mellitus in their body or understand that they have the risks of being suffered from diabetes mellitus, just go the doctor and get an early detection of diabetes mellitus. You know about “Preventing is better than curing”, right?